The Art of the 19th, 20th and 21st Centuries
The international art collection of the National Gallery in Prague contains works by distinguished figures of the world of art. There is an extensive group of artworks by Austrian and German artists, among them Gustav Klimt, Egon Schiele and Oskar Kokoschka, as well as August Brömse and Emil Orlik. The expressive paintings of Edvard Munch and those of the Russian avant-garde artists Aristarkh Lentulov and Robert Falk are worthy of particular distinction. Spanish art comprises paintings by Joan Miró, Antoni Tàpies and Antoni Clavé.
The National Gallery’s famous French collection harks back to the 1920s when it was constituted with the aid of Czechoslovakia’s leading political and cultural personalities, including President Tomáš Guarrigue Masaryk himself and art collector and connoisseur Vincenc Kramář. The French collection holds many paintings by Auguste Rodin, Eugène Delacroix, the French landscapists Camille Corot, Camille Pissarro, Auguste Renoir and artists who paved the way for modern art: Paul Cézanne, Paul Gauguin, Vincent van Gogh and Georges Seurat. The Gallery also boasts unique Cubist paintings by Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque and artists who lived and worked in Paris: Marc Chagall, Pierre Bonnard and Maurice de Vlaminck.