Beneš Knüpfer’s first strong references to mythology appeared as early as the turn of the 1870s and 1880s and dominated his work thematically ever since. Knüpfer’s often large canvases depict dynamic scenes of ocean tempests, the irritant combats of the Naiads, or centaurs. He dreamt of the mythological world of freedom and games, cruel dangers, and excruciating anxieties; for him this world was more natural and realistic. However, he was aware of the fact that such a view resonated with the present less and less. Knüpfer’s paintings appeared to be more isolated from any reality with the delights and anxieties of the mythological beings forming a more elaborated and original mythology of a strong subjective character.