The iconographic details of this scroll differ slightly from the traditional depictions of “the eight immortals”. The central motif is one of “the three Tao Patriarchs” – Lü’Dongbīn, whose typical attribute is a sword to vanquish evil, which in this case rests on Lü’s back. Lü’s pupil, Hán Xiāng Zi, also has a sword on his back, though his typical attribute is a flute, whose sound benefits plants and tames wild animals. Lü’ Dongbīn holds a vessel for water in his hand, while Hán Xiāng Zi raises his index finger in a mentor-like gesture. The teacher and pupil are therefore presented as scholars rather than major strategists of the Han dynasty. Hokusai conceived this scroll in a different style than earlier figures of Chinese heroes. The “Fuji-san” seal below the signature only appeared in his works dating from the 1830s. It is an obvious emulation of the archaic character and purposeful clumsiness of “literati” painting figures.